PORT-AU-PRINCE, GONAIVES AND LEOGANE ... - Logistics Cluster

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JOINT SIMULATION EXERCISE
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HAITI Operation
PORT-AU-PRINCE, GONAIVES AND LEOGANE
JOINT INTER-AGENCY DISASTER RESPONSE EXERCISE
- Gonaives simulation summary report April 2011
1 BACKGROUND
The first Joint Natural Disaster Simulation Exercise
took place on 13 and 14 April. Drawing from the path of
Hurricane “TOMAS” that hit Haiti on 4 November 2010,
a realistic trajectory for simulated Hurricane “YOLA”
was prepared by the exercise planning cell. It was
decided that the path of Hurricane “YOLA” would
involve three locations in Haiti:
Port Au Prince
Gonaives
Leogane
In preparation for the exercise, Joint Natural Disaster Exercise Development Working Groups were
established for the different regions where the simulation was going to take place. This means that the
Logistics Clusters had the opportunity to take part in the development of the simulation exercise,
preparing scenario inputs that were used during the two day event. All the scenarios were developed
based upon statistical data originated from DPC 2011 worst case scenario expectation for the areas
tested.
2 OBJECTIVE
The overall objective of the Simulation Exercise was to test the following:
 INFORMATION FLOW (INFORMATION) – Lines of information sharing between reporting
partners, operations centres, and key decision makers.
 DECISION TRIGGERS (DECISION) – Decision Triggers for Activation of Regional and Central
Operation Centres:
- Centre d' Operations d'Urgence National (COUN)
- Centre d'Opérations d'Urgence Départemental (COUD)
- Expanded Joint Operations Centre (EJOC)
JOINT SIMULATION EXERCISE
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- Regional Joint Operations Centre (RJOC)
- Inter-Cluster system
 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES (ROLE) – Verification of roles and responsibilities of the various
partners at COUN, COUD, EJOC, RJOC, and at cluster level. Understanding of procedural
requirements of DPC, MINUSTAH Civilian, UNSEC, UNPOL, Military Contingent, and participating
IO/NGO planned response phases to natural disaster.
Unlike the simulation exercises conducted last year, participants to the exercise were not informed
about the nature/extent of the damage caused by the passage of the hurricane in the various
departments. The participants were therefore required to conduct their own assessments to gain a
better understanding of the situation and the damage caused by the disaster.
The Simulation Exercise also included the following practical components:
 Loss of Primary Communications
 IDP Mass Casualty Event
 Coordinated Maritime Search and Rescue (by Air and Sea)
 Deployment of Engineering Units
3 JOINT SIMULATION EXERCISE – GONAIVES PART
3.1 COORDINATION
WFP/Logistics Cluster was asked to act as a coordinating actor in Gonaives, taking on the role of
scenario injector as well as guiding the overall direction of the exercise. The Gonaives area is critical to
northern department’s re-supply routes and therefore the coordination for this part of the exercise was
crucial for the overall exercise testing.
WFP’s Head of Sub-office for Gonaives, together with one representative from the Logistics Cluster in
Port-au-Prince, acted as scenario injectors, submitting “problems” to be solved by participants primarily
via Lotus Notes (artificial table top system). In addition to simulated problems injected by e-mail, real
world physical events were also coordinated on cue from scenarios injected by mail, radio or
collaborative website (i.e. Stixy site). WFP/Logistics Cluster team was supported in this coordinating task
by MINUSTAH representatives who were tasked to assist especially for the conduction of activities with
the military units involved in the exercise.
3.2 PRACTICAL EXERCISES
The practical exercises conducted during the simulation were:
- READY ENGINEERING UNIT (RDEU) DEPLOYMENT
MINUSTAH engineers were deployed from Pot-au-Prince to carry out mitigation works in
Gonaives. The identification of the nature of works to be conducted by the engineers and the
location were the result of a collaborative process lead by the Direction de la Protection Civile.
JOINT SIMULATION EXERCISE
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- LOSS OF PRIMARY COMMUNICATION
This part of the exercise was developed jointly by
MINUSTAH and the Emergency Telecommunication
Cluster (ETC). The objective was to test all
participants’ ability to operationally implement
Secondary Communications Systems for response to
a crisis. Therefore, as part of the exercise, there was
a failure of cell phones and internet during the crisis
which forced participants to communicate through
secondary systems (UHF, HF, VHF). Furthermore, a
collaborative website called STIXY was set up in
Gonaives by the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster. This means that, once registered in
the system, participants could share messages with the different operation centres in Gonaives
and Port-au-Prince.
- RESCUE OF DOWNED AIRCRAFT
Injected Scenario: The Deleguee was informed by the Mayor of Terre Neuve that a white aircraft
was seen falling from the sky in the immediate vicinity of the town. It is suspected that it might
be a UN Aircraft.
This scenario activated coordinated actions for
the rescue of victims travelling on an aircraft that
was simulated to crash in a remote location near
Gonaives.
Military contingents and agencies located the
target crisis area, performed triage and
transported “victims” by air to Port-au-Prince.
- MARITIME SEARCH AND RESCUE
As part of the exercise, the port authority of
Gonaives reported that a small cargo ship
attempting to cross from the Isle De La Gonave to
Gonaives was missing with a crew of 13. This part
of the exercise was meant to test the ability of
military units to conduct coordinated rescues in
remote areas in close support of aviation and
maritime assets.
JOINT SIMULATION EXERCISE
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Therefore, a maritime search and rescue coordination cell was setup with representatives from
URUMAR and Haitian Coast Guard. The cell coordinated the
rescue of a target victim from the ocean in a remote sea
location near Gonaives.
3.3 SCHEDULE
The following is a brief summary of the schedule for the Gonaives
exercise:
DAY 1 – APRIL 12, 2011
WFP head of Sub-office (Gonaives) and the Logistics Cluster representative arrived in the MINUSTAH
compound in Gonaives to perform an Equipment and Communication Check. A pre-briefing was held at
15:00 hrs with all participants and observers (see related briefing presentation) to refresh participants’
knowledge of simulation exercise objectives and rules.
DAY 2 – APRIL 13, 2011
During the morning session, there was the deployment of the MINUSTAH Ready Engineering Unit
(RDEU) from Port-au-Prince to Gonaives. Throughout the day, scenarios injections wanted to bring
participants to discuss emergency preparedness plans prior to the arrival of Hurricane YOLA. A
debriefing was held with all participants and observers at the end of the day to collect observations and
suggestions.
Hurricane “YOLA” hit Gonaives during the night between 13 and 14 April 2011.
DAY 3 – APRIL 14, 2011
Participants experienced loss of primary communications. Email and Mobile phones were cut off, forcing
participants to communicate by radio or using the collaborative website. During the loss of primary
communications, participants were also asked to coordinate actions for the rescue of the downed
aircraft, as well as for the maritime search and rescue. This simulation day was focused on emergency
response plans and actions activated by all actors after the passage of Hurricane YOLA. Similarly to the
first exercise day, a final debriefing was held with all participants and observers at the end of the
simulation.
DAY 4 – APRIL 15, 2011
A final debriefing session was prepared and delivered by WFP head of Sub-Office/Logistics Cluster
representative to summarise observations and comments expressed by participants and observers
during the two simulation days (see related presentation on final debriefing session).
To receive further documentation on the Joint Simulations Exercise, please write to:
viviana.deannuntiis@wfp.org

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